[git] gnupg-doc - branch, master, updated. 727bb8e879cee3c372e49e4ea5b07ae652479d42
by Robert J. Hansen
cvs at cvs.gnupg.org
Sun Aug 30 02:25:10 CEST 2015
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- Log -----------------------------------------------------------------
Author: Robert J. Hansen <rjh at sixdemonbag.org>
Date: Sat Aug 29 20:25:05 2015 -0400
Updated PGP/MIME guidance.
diff --git a/web/faq/gnupg-faq.org b/web/faq/gnupg-faq.org
index f5f98d8..c52141b 100644
@@ -1230,13 +1230,7 @@ everyone wants to publish their key publicly.
GnuPG looks at a file called =gpg.conf= to determine various runtime
parameters. On UNIX systems this file can be found in =~/.gnupg=. On
-Windows systems it’s a bit more difficult to predict, but try:
-- Windows XP :: FIXME
-- Windows Vista :: FIXME
-- Windows 7 :: FIXME
-- Windows 8 :: FIXME
+Windows systems open Explorer and go to =%APPDATA%\Roaming\GnuPG=.
** What options should I put in my configuration file?
@@ -1244,55 +1238,55 @@ Windows systems it’s a bit more difficult to predict, but try:
The good news is, you really shouldn’t need to. That said, the
-following is Rob Hansen’s =gpg.conf= file. The italicized text
-describes what each piece does: the monospaced text is the actual
-content of the file.
-/Ensure that all parameters are set for strict OpenPGP conformance.
-Later entries will override this, but setting ‘openpgp’ provides a
-really good baseline to start from./
-/Make GnuPG a little quieter: don’t warn about insecure memory, don’t
-print a greeting message, don’t put comments in GnuPG’s output./
+following is Rob Hansen’s =gpg.conf= file.
-/Since keyservers.org sits in my closet, I want GnuPG to always check it instead of going out on the network to ask another keyserver halfway around the globe. Most users don’t have a keyserver in their closet, and will want to substitute pool.sks-keyservers.net here./
-/Whenever I sign a document, use certificate 0xD6B98E10/
+# Tell GnuPG that I want maximum OpenPGP conformance.
+# Disable a few messages from GnuPG that I know I don't need.
-/Whenever I encrypt a document, also include certificate 0xD6B98E10 as
-a recipient. This allows me to decrypt the messages I send./
+# Don't include a version number or a comment in my output.
+# Use full 16-character key IDs, not short 8-character key IDs.
-/In email, a line beginning with the word ‘From’ can be misinterpreted
-by the computer as the start of a new email message. Thus, whenever
-GnuPG sees a line starting with ‘From’, it will slightly mangle the
-line to prevent this bug from occurring./
+# Use the global keyserver network for certificate lookups.
+# Further, whenever I send or receive something to/from the
+# keyserver network, clean up what I get or send.
+keyserver-options import-clean-sigs import-clean-uids export-clean-sigs export-clean-uids
+# If I don't explicitly state which certificate to use, use this one.
-/Use SHA256 instead of SHA-1 for certificate signatures./
+# Always include signatures from these two certificates.
+# Always add these two certificates to my recipients list.
-/Prefer these digest algorithms, in this order/
+# Turn "From" into "> From", in order to play nice with UNIX mailboxes.
-=personal-digest-preferences SHA256 SHA512 SHA384 SHA224 RIPEMD160=
+# Prefer strong hashes whenever possible.
+personal-digest-preferences SHA256 SHA384 SHA512 SHA224 RIPEMD160
-/Prefer these ciphers, in this order/
+# Prefer more modern ciphers over older ones.
+personal-cipher-preferences CAMELLIA256 AES256 TWOFISH CAMELLIA192 AES192 CAMELLIA128 AES BLOWFISH CAST5 3DES
-=personal-cipher-preferences TWOFISH CAMELLIA256 AES 3DES=
+# Turn up the compression level and prefer BZIP2 over ZIP and ZLIB.
+personal-compress-preferences BZIP2 ZIP ZLIB
@@ -1982,56 +1976,21 @@ against all threats.
-This is controversial, thus there are two commonly given answers.
-*** 1. Probably not.
+Almost certainly. In the past this was a controversial question, but
+recently there's come to be a consensus: use PGP/MIME whenever possible.
+The reason for this is that it's possible to armor email headers and
+metadata with PGP/MIME, but sending messages inline leaves this data
+exposed. As recent years have taught us, the metadata is often as
+sensitive as the contents of the message. PGP/MIME can protect metadata;
-PGP/MIME is the official, standardized way of using GnuPG with
-electronic mail. PGP/MIME packages the data up as encrypted
-attachments. This is the problem with it: attachments often get
-mangled, stripped, or otherwise tampered with. For instance, sending
-PGP/MIME traffic to the [[#pgp-basics_list][PGP-Basics mailing list]] will result in your
-email being completely blank. PGP-Basics is set up to drop all
-attachments from messages posted to the list, and that means your
-PGP/MIME attachments get dropped.
+However, please be aware that not all mail servers handle PGP/MIME
+properly. Some mailing lists are incompatible with it (PGP-Basics, for
+instance). Some mailing list software mangles PGP/MIME (old versions of
+Mailman, for instance).
-For many years GNU Mailman would repackage attachments in ways that
-would break the PGP/MIME standard and result in unreadable traffic.
-These GNU Mailman installations still exist in the wild. For a long
-time both [[#gnupg-users_list][GnuPG-Users]] and [[#enigmail_list][Enigmail]] ran these buggy versions of GNU
-Since PGP/MIME can't reliably be sent to the three largest GnuPG
-mailing lists, it’s hard to claim that PGP/MIME is ready for
-widespread usage. For now, it’s best to use inline traffic unless you
-can be certain that PGP/MIME messages will not be mangled in transit.
-*** 2. Yes, it is the safer solution.
-The problems with the mailing list software are annoying but harmless.
-In most other cases PGP/MIME works very well and avoids a lot of
-semantic problems when sending signed mails. For example it is much
-easier for mail readers to indicate what parts of the mail are covered
-by the signature. Many mail readers have bugs pertaining to inline
-signatures which can be used to trick the user into assuming that some
-parts of a mail are covered by the signatures while in reality they
-For encrypted and signed mails there are no problems with signature
-verification because almost all software uses the combined
-signature+encryption approach of PGP/MIME and thus GnuPG takes care of
-it in exactly the same way as it does with inline traffic.
-Non-ASCII character encoding is problematic with inline data.
-Although OpenPGP provides a way to specify the encoding, that feature
-is not widely supported. In good Unix tradition GnuPG does not try to
-interpret the data it signs or encrypts but relies on the peers to
-agree on a common encoding. PGP/MIME provides a well established and
-matured way of doing exactly that.
-Some plugins for Outlook do not support PGP/MIME but after all the
-OpenPGP support in Outlook is anyway quite limited.
+If you have any problems with PGP/MIME, consider carefully whether you
+need metadata protection. If you don't, then fall back to inline.
** What are the best algorithms in GnuPG?
@@ -2041,18 +2000,14 @@ OpenPGP support in Outlook is anyway quite limited.
MD5 and SHA-1 should be avoided if possible. Beyond that, there is no
-“best algorithm” or “best algorithms” in GnuPG. It’s sort of like
+“best algorithm” in GnuPG. It’s sort of like
asking whether Godzilla or King Kong is better at terrorizing urban
cities: there is no clear-cut winner.
This is not to say you shouldn’t have preferences, though. It is only
to say that GnuPG’s algorithms are so well-designed for what they do
that there is no single “best”. There’s just a lot of personal,
-subjective choice. For instance:
-- /[I studied Twofish pretty intensively in graduate school, so I tend
- to prefer it. — rjh]/
** Why is my DSA key limited to 3072 bits?
Summary of changes:
web/faq/gnupg-faq.org | 149 ++++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
1 file changed, 52 insertions(+), 97 deletions(-)
The GnuPG website and other docs
More information about the Gnupg-commits