Why revoke a key?
David Tomaschik
david at systemoverlord.com
Tue Oct 11 15:01:24 CEST 2011
On Mon, Oct 10, 2011 at 5:44 PM, Jerome Baum
<jerome+person at jeromebaum.com> wrote:
> On 2011-10-10 23:29, Jan Janka wrote:
>>
>> How long would it take to execute a successful brute force attack on
>> a pasphrase consisting of 12 symbols (symbols available on common
>> keyboards)?
>
> Calculate how many combinations there are, assume some number of tries
> per second (you can experimentally find this out), and there you go.
>
> But remember Murphy's(?) law! -- (I mean the one about doubling computer
> power every 18 months -- are there two Murphy's laws? Confused now...)
>
> You can measure the strength of your password in bits of entropy, which
> is basically the log base 2 of the number of combinations. So if there
> are 64 possible combinations (a single alphanum case-sensitive
> password-ish) then you have 6 bits of entropy. In the diceware FAQ at
> www.diceware.com you can find info about how long a password with a
> given number of bits is supposed to be secure. Also some tips on how to
> pick a memorizable secure passphrase.
A very important distinction must be made between randomly-generated
passwords and human-generated passwords. Based on a NIST study on
password entropy[1], a 12 character password has only about 24 bits of
entropy. Of course, if you're careful about your passphrase
generation schemes, you can probably achieve higher than that while
still generating your own password.
If you value your OpenPGP key, I would not trust it to 24 bits of
entropy. My off-card backup of my key is protected by a 32-character
passphrase that I believe to be highly resistant to dictionary attack
(and contains sufficient special characters that I believe its entropy
to be close to the optimal 6.5 bits per symbol). But perhaps I'm
delusional.
[1] http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-63/SP800-63V1_0_2.pdf
--
David Tomaschik, RHCE, LPIC-1
System Administrator/Open Source Advocate
OpenPGP: 0x5DEA789B
http://systemoverlord.com
david at systemoverlord.com
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