GnuTLS 3, BSD, netinet/ip.h

Phil Pennock help-gnutls-phil at
Wed May 23 03:03:25 CEST 2012

On 2012-05-22 at 10:28 +0200, Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos wrote:
[ EOF vs buffer overflow ]
> We have separate error codes for these conditions in gnutls 3.0.x.

Ah, thanks.  FreeBSD Ports system and Ubuntu both lack GnuTLS 3, so I
stuck to 2.12.

Building GnuTLS 3 on my dated FreeBSD 7 series install is failing, but
when I check on a more recent (FreeBSD 9) system I see that the relevant
type has been changed to avoid the issue.

----------------------------8< cut here >8------------------------------
  CC     serv.o
In file included from common.h:31,
                 from serv.c:28:
/usr/include/netinet/ip.h:162: error: expected specifier-qualifier-list before 'n_long'
serv.c: In function 'tcp_server':
serv.c:1245: warning: cast to pointer from integer of different size
*** Error code 1
----------------------------8< cut here >8------------------------------

----------------------------8< cut here >8------------------------------
149 struct  ip_timestamp {
161         union ipt_timestamp {
162                 n_long  ipt_time[1];
163                 struct  ipt_ta {
164                         struct in_addr ipt_addr;
165                         n_long ipt_time;
166                 } ipt_ta[1];
167         } ipt_timestamp;
----------------------------8< cut here >8------------------------------

Editing src/common.h to #include <netinet/in_systm.h> just before
pulling in <netinet/ip.h> fixes this.

That in_systm.h file really just does:
  typedef u_int16_t n_short;
  typedef u_int32_t n_long;
  typedef u_int32_t n_time;
(and a function definition if inside the kernel).

FreeBSD 9 has replaced n_long with uint32_t.

the annotated view shows this changed in file revision 1.34 and so is in
FreeBSD 8 onwards.  FreeBSD 7.4 is a legacy release.

I just built with:

  # if defined(__FreeBSD__) && __FreeBSD__ < 8
  #  include <netinet/in_systm.h>
  # endif
  # include <netinet/ip.h>

I see that NetBSD has switched to using "n_time" as the type:
and n_time seems to still require pulling in <netinet/in_systm.h>.

OpenBSD is also using n_time, I don't have a handy VM for that to grep
over the source tree and confirm that <netinet/in_systm.h> is the only
definition and the only include path in userland.;content-type=text%2Fx-cvsweb-markup

I don't touch autoconf enough to provide a good solution for you, sorry.


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