[gnutls-help] GnuTLS based AES tunnel, SOCKS 5/4A support, TAP, 2
bry8star at yahoo.com
Mon Oct 14 08:26:42 CEST 2013
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How would i create GnuTLS based AES-encrypted port-forwarding
tunnels from Cmp1 to Cmp2 ?
Please first see/read the below four QUESTION sections/paragraphs
For details you may read other paragraphs.
Cmp = Computer.
IP = IP-Address (ipv4).
Both/all side/hosts will use Linux, for example, Fedora (or other
distro), or Mac OS X.
Frontside --> GnuTLS tunnel --> Backend :
host1.example1.org -> GnuTLS tunnel -> host2.example2.org :
I want to create AES (256 bit) encrypted (port-forwarding) tunnel(s)
for following listening ports: 25 (SMTP), 53 (DNS), 80 (HTTP), 443
(HTTPS), 554 (RTSP), 587 (SUBMISSION), 993 (IMAPS), 5004 (RTP), 5005
(RTCP), 5060 (SIP), 5061 (SIPS), 5070, 6697 (IRC SSL), etc from
Cmp1's (host1.example1.org or it's Internet IP-Address), toward Cmp2
(host2.example2.org or it's Internet IP-Address), like shown in
above. And then AGAIN traffic/packets will be forwarded toward the
Cmp2-side's 127.0.0.1 local loopback address.
So its also like this:
host1_IP -> gnutls tunnel -> host2_IP -> 127.0.0.1
Another, Frontside --> GnuTLS tunnel --> Backend :
host3.example1.org -> gnutls tunnel -> host4.example2.org :
Above mentioned system configuration will be applied on host3 and
host4, like shown in above line.
(host3_IP --> host4_IP).
host1 and host3 are used by users coming from internet side to
"example1.org". They do not know about host2 or host4 or about
host2, host4 : BackEnd Servers :
Actual server software will run from inside host2, and, host4. The
example1.org domain-name's self-signed/own TLS cert's private-key
portion, (related to above mentioned ports and related network and
internet services), will reside/remain inside host2, and, host4
(primary-backend). Services will run inside chroot jail or LXC
container inside host2 and host4.
BASICALLY, i'm using the host1 and host3 as traffic reflector (or as
front-side), and these are obtained from Hosting Service Provider
And ultimate objective here is to keep my own self-signed various
certificate's and key's private/secret key portion (related to main
services) on my own server(s), which are host2 and host4 (primary
backend), i do not want to keep private/secret key on such remote
servers which may/can view/copy private/secret key portion.
Instead of using SSH tunnel (which uses openssl), i'm looking for a
solution based on GnuTLS based tunnel, because, it has such as these
extra features not available in openssl yet : DTLS, DANE/TLSA,
DNSSEC, etc. To me it seems, GnuTLS is able to do more/extra
authentications, so its more secured (against more attacks/exploits).
QUESTION (1) : So how can i create port-forwarding encrypted tunnel
(which is configured to support only: AES CBC/GCM, 256-bit, SHA512
MAC, TLS 1.2, etc) similar to SSH tunnel, by using GnuTLS, for
linking Computer1 with Computer2 ? How to create related AES key
(PSK) or TLS certificate/cert/key (using GnuTLS) ? If gnutls itself
do not have tools for such mentioned purposes, can someone pls
show/point-to very simple WORKING code snipets (preferably based on
C or C++ and/or perl) for client-side and server-side ?
host5 --> SOCKS5-proxy tunnel --> host6 :
I will also have other local host(s) with private domains, for
example: host5.example3.org which will be available only inside a
LAN, (in another remote secondary location's LAN based computers).
This host5 server computer will have to be configured to forward
above mentioned (service) ports from that LAN side host5_IP, toward
the remote destination host6.example4.org, via using a SOCKS5-proxy
tunnel. SOCKS5-proxy is running inside host5's loopback interface
Mentioned in above, those secondary locations (where i'm providing
services) will only allow traffic from their host5 into internet via
their own SOCKS proxy. Its their policy. And their SOCKS tunnel
ends in their primary location's SOCKS server, then traffic is
finally allowed to go out into Internet, toward my server
host6.example4.org. I guess, they are using such SOCKS related
tools/server : dante (BSD/CMU) (server), SS5 (GPL), sSocks (MIT),
Srelay (BSD), etc.
DNSSEC & DANE : All of those mentioned internet hosts and all hosts
inside LAN, are using full DNSSEC supported local DNS-Server. All
internet domain-names are fully DNSSEC signed, and, each service's
server software's TLS/SSL cert's hash-code is also declared for
public's usage, via TLSA/DANE DNS record, (for each TLS supported port).
PKIX Certificates :
My own Root-CA cert --> Intermediate DomainName cert --> Server or
Service cert :
Root-CA is self-signed by me(server operator), then --> Intermediate
Cert, for each of these domain-names: example1.org, example2.org,
etc, then --> under each domain-name, i have created different
service related cert for each different service port (or created
cert for same server-host for same-service, running on multiple
host). Server or service which is using TLS cert, such cert's hash
code is declared on related port via TLSA/DANE dns record.
QUESTION (2) : So how can i create port-forwarding tunnels using
GnuTLS, that can connect with and go through SOCKS v5 or v4A proxy ?
If TLS cert will be used for encryption, and if such cert's hash
was added into TLSA DNS, then, How can i indicate to such tunnel to
check for TLSA/DANE and use DANE+DNSSEC authenticated connection ?
If gnutls itself do not have tools for such mentioned purposes, can
someone pls show/point-to very simple working code snipets
(preferably based on C or C++ and/or perl) for client-side and
QUESTION (3) : how to create those gnutls port-forwarding tunnels
inside chroot jail or LXC container ?
Which portion of command-line will vary ?
TAP to TAP : (or TUN to TUN, if SIP not implemented)
eth0 <-> \ / <-> eth0
host7 <-> gnutls encrypted link <-> host8
tap0 <-> / \ <-> tap0
I have created virtual/tap network interface (Network Layer 2
virtual device) using other tools, not OpenVPN. For example:
eth0(host7) has 192.168.10.10, so i have assigned a different subnet
based IP 192.168.11.110 to tap0(host7). I do not need that tap's IP
be one from that LAN's subnet, for using the tap interface as a
Server IP. I do not want computer's local/internal traffic reaching
all other computers in that LAN side, server-related traffic only
need to goto Server's IP. I do not want to bridge eth0 and tap0
either, to prevent server-related traffic going/spreading into all
other computers in that LAN. And, eth0(host8) has 192.168.10.11, so
i have assigned 192.168.11.111 to tap0(host8). (At later stage,
eth0 & tap0 will be bridged so that all others in LAN-side can also
use the server behind virtual/tap interface).
QUESTION (4) : How to link two virtual/TAP network interface located
inside two different computers (in two different location), using a
GnuTLS based bi-directional encrypted tunnel ? (not asking for
bridged network interfaces)
tap0(host7) <-> host7 <-> gnutls tunnel <-> internet/LAN <->
gnutls-tunnel <-> host8 <-> tap0(host8).
Expecting such behavior, for example: a DNS-client software/app will
send traffic toward tap0(host7)_IP:port53, such traffic will travel
encryptedly through gnutls tap tunnel and will be decrypted at the
other side of the tap-link to tap0(host8)_IP:port53 tap network
interface:port, and on that other side a DNS-Server software is
listening on tap0(host8)_IP:port53, will receive DNS query from DNS
client side, and then DNS-Server will send DNS query-result back to
DNS client on tap0(host7) side, via tap link. And at the same time,
another server software is listening on a specific port of
tap0(host7)_IP interface side, and a client software from
tap0(host8) side will connect with server in tap0(host7) side, to
use server's service.
So i think: all incoming traffic coming/connecting on different
ports in tap(host7) network interface will have to be multiplexed
and then (gnutls) encrypted, and then send through (gnutls)
encryption based tunnel, and on the other side of the tunnel,
encrypted traffic will be decrypted, and then those incoming traffic
will be de-multiplexed toward the same as origin port and connected
with same port of tap0(host8) interface, and ready for delivery to a
listening app/software, if one is running. Same process will happen
for incoming traffic of tap(host8) interface, traffic will travel to
other side same port of tap0(host7) interface, other side.
Please show me few COMMAND-LINES and usage scenario related to my
And if gnutls cannot perform mentioned tasks/steps/functions, then
please show/point me to such tools (free, GPL/MIT/BSD, etc licensed
based), which can perform such functions.
I hope i mentioned related all info, so that this message's
responder(s) can answer easily. And, instead of a full IP-Address
with numbers, pls use just Host_IP or something similar in your
shown command-lines, i guess that will be enough for understanding.
When i will understand basics of it better, then i can & want to
fine-tune each tunnel based on port or protocol/service type. For
example, using DTLS based tunnel for DNS and DNSSEC based packets
for port 53. Using TCP based TLS tunnel for HTTPS, SMPTS, IMAPS,
etc. Using SRTP optimized/based TLS tunnel for SIP Voip, etc.
I have already done most of these functionality using various other
alternative tools, some of which i have mentioned, and some i have
not, because i'm looking for a viable solution based on GnuTLS.
Such should help many users to use GnuTLS based encrypted tunnel,
and not always depend on SSH (or VPN) etc tunnels. GnuTLS available
by-default in (almost) all Linux and (almost doing nothing or) used
for (very) limited cases ! Why is that ?
Many many thanks in advance,
- -- Bright Star.
VTun (Tun/Tap) : http://vtun.sourceforge.net/
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