Problems with Line breaks under Windows

Anthony E . Greene
Sun Feb 11 00:12:15 2001

On Sat, 10 Feb 2001 09:37:30 Timo Schulz wrote:

>That's not a GnuPG/Mailer related problem. Both OS's have different
>ways to mark their line endings. Linux uses a simple linefeed '\n'
>and W32 uses a carriage return '\r' and a linefeed'.
>When you open a W32 message with a Linux editor, the '\r\n' combination
>will be shown as ^M.
Actually, the linefeed is a known control character in Linux, so it is not displayed. Ctrl-M (^M) is a carriage return. In fact, if *every* line has a carriage return and linefeed, vi/vim would ignore both and note in the status line that the file is in DOS format. But if some lines have both and some only linefeeds, then the carriage returns will be displayed in vi/vim as ^M (Ctrl-M). Some GNOME/Gtk editors will only show an extra space at the end of the line. Each editor may handle this situation differently. Tony -- Anthony E. Greene <> <> PGP Key: 0x6C94239D/7B3D BD7D 7D91 1B44 BA26 C484 A42A 60DD 6C94 239D Chat: AOL/Yahoo: TonyG05 ICQ: 91183266 Linux. The choice of a GNU Generation. <>